DEXA Body Composition Scans
DEXA stands for Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry and it is the gold standard for body composition analysis. You will lie down on an open table for around 8 minutes while your body is scanned. DEXA scans are incredibly accurate and they measure regional (arms, trunk, and legs) or total body fat percentage, fat mass, bone mass, and lean mass. This analysis is superior not only for an initial baseline, but also for tracking changes to your body composition while you progress through our programs. Vitality Medical Wellness Institute possesses one of the only DEXA scanners in the Charlotte, NC area that is available à la carte at an affordable rate. A scan is also included in all of our wellness programs. For example, our Health Optimization program provides a free DEXA scan once every 3 months.
Why is body composition important?
Body composition is very important for overall health and for athletic performance. An excessive amount of body fat is a risk factor for heart disease, type II diabetes, and other diseases. At the same time, having too little body fat can be detrimental to your health.
For many athletes performance is improved with optimal body composition. Athletes use our DEXA scanner to assess their training progress and judge the prowess of their trainers and athletic programs. The small monetary investment to receive a DEXA scan and a 3 month follow-up can save athletes literally thousands of dollars in personal training fees.
For women, DEXA scans with bone density included can predict Osteoperosis.
How is DEXA different than body composition devices?
Traditionally, body composition assessment involved determining body fat percentage and dividing the body into two compartments: fat mass and fat free mass. The latest technique, DEXA, measures body fat percentage and divides the body into three compartments: fat mass, bone mass, and lean mass. In addition, the DEXA method determines fat percentage, fat mass, bone mass and lean mass seperately for the arms, trunk, and legs.
DEXA Demonstration Video
The video will demonstate how your DEXA procedure will be completed. Your experience at Vitality Medical Wellness Institute will be similar.
An electrocardiogram (EKG) is a test that detects anomalies in the rhythm, speed, and strength of your heartbeat by analyzing your heart’s electrical activity.
Why would I need to get an Electrocardiography (EKG) test at Vitality?
It’s our policy to always err on the side of caution when it comes to our patients’ health. An EKG is a relatively simple test that can reveal absolutely devastating conditions, so we feel that the small amount of time that you must invest to be tested is well worth it. It can actually be a potentially life saving investment.
What can Elctrocardiography (EKG) testing detect?
- Heart Attacks
- Heart Failure
- Congenital Heart Abnormalities
- Inflammation of the Heart
Tanita measures your Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), instead of simply relying on weight, age, and gender, and takes into account Fat Free Mass, providing a higher level of accuracy compared to current BMR measurement methods. Through the use of 8 polar electrodes, the Tanita can show separate body mass readings for the right arm, left arm, trunk, right leg and left leg. It also prints out a complete body composition profile in seconds: including Weight, Body Fat Percentage, Body Fat Mass, Body Mass Index (BMI), Fat Free Mass, Estimated Muscle Mass, Total Body Water and Basal Metabolic Rate.
Understanding Your TANITA® Body Composition Readings
This analysis includes a number of measurements providing an in-depth look at your body composition. Vitality MWI can use this analysis to assess your current health, and to develop a fitness and nutrition program that, over time, will maximize your health.
Body Mass Index World Health Organization Classification
<18.5 Underweight 18.5 – 24.9 Healthy weight 25.0 – 29.9 Overweight 30+ Obese Body Fat Percentage
Body fat is vital to daily body functions. It cushions joints, protects organs, helps regulate body temperature, and stores vitamins. However, serious health risks are associated with both too much, and too little body fat. Compare your results to your “Desirable Range.” By design, women’s bodies require a higher percentage of body fat to be healthy.
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Basal Metabolic Rate reflects the amount of calories used by the body to maintain normal functions when at rest. Daily activities and exercise increase BMR by approximately 15%. BMR helps you establish just how many calories your body needs in a day to achieve proper energy balance.
Measured in Ohms (Ώ) the Impedance value reflects the strength and speed of an electrical signal traveling through the body. Muscle is the signal’s highway, and fat mass is like a traffic jam. More muscle means it’s easier for the signal to pass through your body, resulting in a lowe impedance value and % of body fat. Consistent conditions and stable hydration status are not only healthy, but will also yield consistent results.
The body needs fat, but it is important to keep your fat within the recommended range. Compare your personal result to your “Desirable Range” and focus specifically on fat mass when dieting or exercising.
Free Fat Mass (FFM)
Fat Free Mass is everything in the body that is not fat; muscle, water, bone, connective tissue, etc. Muscle acts as the body’s natural “fat-burning engine,” therefore it is important to maintain or even gain healthy muscle mass when dieting or exercising.
Total Body Water (TBW)
It is important to ensure your body is not dehydrated, especially when exercising or dieting. Enter your TBW below, and compare your hydration level to recommended ranges.*
_______/_______ X 100 = ______________________
TBW Weight Estimated Hydration Level %
Note: Individuals who are severely dehydrated may receive an inaccurate measurement.
Female: 45 – 60 %
Male: 50 – 65 %
* Based on Tanita’s current research.
Everybody needs fat. These healthy ranges display how much you should have in terms of % and weight. Research shows that individuals with appropriate amounts of fat are less likely to develop obesity-related health conditions.
Target Body Fat Percentage
Set a realistic goal for body fat %. Tanita then calculates the approximate amount of fat mass, not just overall weight, but specifically fat mass that needs to be lost in order to achieve the pre-selected target. Always try to maintain FFM when dieting.
Our physicians utilize neurocognitive testing to assess the higher cognitive function of your brain.
- Problem Solving
- Decision Making
What conditions can neurocognitive testing identify?
- Memory Loss
- Attention Deficit Disorders
- Brain Injuries
VO2 Max has been the gold standard fitness test for decades. Professional athletes from all walks of life have utilized VO2 Max testing to design training protocols for endurance, weight loss, speed, and strength. It can also be used to find areas of concern as well as gaps in your training regimen.
Professional cyclists, iron men, and even NASCAR drivers utilize VO2 Max testing; it’s that important.
Why do I need to do VO2 Max testing?
Even if you’re not an athlete, VO2 Max testing can provide you incredibly valuable information. Finding your VO2 and using that data to identify your ideal heart rates for metabolic condition in conjunction with a heart rate monitor can vastly improve your fat burning potential.
What are the benefits of VO2 Max testing?
- Cardiovascular endurance potential
- Optimal energy source usage
- Caloric needs to support training and recovery
- Heart rate zones for optimal endurance, stamina building and fat burning
- Monitoring gains in cardiorespiratory fitness